Ultimate Guide on [PANCHAYAT RAJ OF INDIA] Like A Pro

Panchayat Raj of India ??

Panchayat Raj of India is the most important topic in the Country of India. India has a Unitary plus Federal structure in it. Also, its Constitution is not rigid nor flexible.

Panchayat Raj of India was firstly introduced by British Viceory General Lord Ripon.


He tried to establish some small local bodies in India and was also successful quite in it.

Especially in today’s Rajasthan Panchayat Raj was strongly formed in Jodhpur, Udaipur, and Jaipur.

In fact, Bikaner had Panchayat Raj till 1928 officially.

Panchayat Raj of India was permanently brought to India by the 73rd Amendment of 1992.  
While Rajasthan was 1st State to adopt it and Nagaur was the district where it was adopted on 2nd Oct 1959

Andhra Pradesh was 2nd State while Maharashtra was 9th State.

Before establishing the Panchayat Raj of India long after, in 1992, there were many committees formed to make a blueprint to plan how it will work.


Panchayat Raj of India
Committees made for Panchayat Raj


Following are the name of the committee and the year when they were formed:- ✔✔

1) Balwant Rai Mehta:- 1959

2) V.T.Krishnamachari:- 1960

3) Takhatmal Jain Study Group:- 1966

4) Ashok Mehta Committee:- 1978

5) G.V.K Rao Committee:- 1985

6) L.M.Singhvi Committee :- 1986

7) P.K.Thungon Committee:- 1989

8) S.Mohinder Singh:- 2013

Today we will discuss some of the main committees and the main features that gave the idea for India’s Best Future.


1) Balwant Rai Mehta Committee:–  ???

It was made in the year Jan 1957 and submitted it’s reported in Dec 1957. The recommendation made was:-

1) There should be a 3-tier system. Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at Block level, and Zilla Parishad at District Level.

2) It also suggested that gram panchayat be elected by the people.  Also, Zilla Parishad / panchayat Samiti to be appointed.

3) DC should be made Chairman.

4) Panchayat should be executive while ZP should be an advisory and supervisory body.


2) Ashok Mehta Committee:-

1) It was made in the year Dec 1977 and submitted it’s reported in Aug 1978.

2) It said to have 2- tier system.

3) Reservation for SCs and STs.

4) Ministers should be made in the State Council of Ministers to look at all work of it.

5) In the case of Supersession, in 6 months elections should be held.

6) The regular audit should be done to know all analytics and Statistics.

3) G.V.K Rao Committee:-

It was made in 1985. Its main recommendation was to make District the Supreme and DDC ( District Development Commission) post to create.

In 3 – tier system the District should be given total authority to handle it.


4) L.M.Singhi Committee:- 

1) It was made in 1986.

2) Village Panchayat should get financial resources.

3) Gram Shabha’s importance was given.

4) Panchayat Raj should be constitutionally recognized, protected, and preserved.


5) Thungson Committee:-

1) It was made in 1988 and SCs, STs, and women were given reservations.

2) Panchayat Raj would have a duration of 5 years.

3) 3- tier system also recommended here.

4) The maximum Supersession period was of 6 months.

5) DC should be CEO of Zilla Parishad


6) Gadgil Committee:-

1) It was made in the year 1988.

2) It recommends the establishment of State finance Commission for funds

3) Establishment of State  Election commission for conduction of Elections

4) Members should be elected directly

5) Reservation to every section of Society


Panchayat raj of India

In 1989 Rajiv Gandhi government brought the bill which was passed in Lokshaba but not in Rajya Sabha.

Again in 1990 V.P.Singh, the National front government brought but Govt collapsed which lead the topic to closed. 
Then at last Narshima RAO government in 1992 brought it with changes and passed it called as ’73rd Constitution Amendment of 1992′ and applied from 24 April 1993.

It is not applied to some expected areas such as Hilly areas of Jammu and Kashmir, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Nagaland.

Salient Features:- ❤?

1) Reservation to SC and ST
2) 1/3 reservation to Women
3) Gram Shabha should be held
4) Those who want to the held election must be above 21
5) Establishment of State Elections commission for elections.

Some other provision:-

States have given taxation powers to Village Panchayat.

If Other Backwards Class demand then OBC should get a reservation.

Panchayat Raj is in the 11th schedule of Part 9 and Article 243 – 243 O. 

Panchayat Raj doesn’t apply to the Darjeeling district of West Bengal.

This was all basic information about the Panchayat Raj of India which will be useful for Govt Exams. Thanks to all Students for reading it.


Panchayat Raj department in India.

It is located in Delhi. The main headquarter is in the National Capital where the Minister of Panchayati raj is there.


Important PDF on Panchayat Raj of India 

Source: niti.gov.in


Questions and Answers:- ??

1) When was Panchayat raj introduced in India?
2nd October 1959 
2) Who is the head of Panchayati raj?
Minister of Panchayati Raj. He has the cabinet rank. This post was made in 2004 and the current head is Narendra Singh Tomar.
3) Who is the Father of Panchayat Raj in India?
Balvant Rai Mehta is regarded as the Father of Panchayat Raj of India. 
4) Which states don’t have the Panchayat raj system?
Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram. 
5) How many members are there in gram panchayat?
In village level panchayat there are about 5 members in gram panchayat.
6) Which is the first state in south India to introduce Panchayati raj?
It was Andhra Pradesh, the first south Indian state to introduce Panchayati Raj.
7) What was the main purpose behind bringing the Panchayati raj system to India?
In panchayat raj, every Indian participate and that’s the real motto of democracy. The ground-level person can too enter into politics and work for the country. 

Panchayat Raj in Ancient India:-

We find many references about Panchayat Raj in ancient times. Especially in Manusmriti, Mahabharata. Even the rule of the Delhi sultanate and Mughals had Panchayat Raj.

Books Related to Panchayati raj system:-???

1) Panchayati raj: Oxford India short introductions
2) From Government to governance: Brief survey of the Indian experience
3) Panchayat raj system and rural development.
4) Rethinking Panchayati raj
5) Indian village revisited
6) Panchayati raj and Reservation policy 
7) Sustainable development goals and panchayat 
8) Panchayati raj in India by Kuldeep Mathur 
9) Panchayat Raj of India by M aslam
Jay Hind …!!!

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