Table of Contents
All fundamental duties
Tags: fundamental duties, fundamental rights, and duties, 11 fundamental duties, article 51a, fundamental duties in Hindi, fundamental duties of Indian citizen, fundamental duties article.
Currently, an ongoing Pandemic disease, Covid-19 has attacked our nation too, and therefore we had got many guidelines or rules to be followed by the govt of India.
So here I have come with an article which explains to you All Fundamental Duties to be followed by citizens of India given by the Constitution.
India’s Original constitution only had fundamental rights, not duties but they incorporated “duties of states” in the form of the directive principle of state policy.
But later on in Emergency Fundamental Duties were added after the recommendation of Swaran Singh(1976) Committee by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment act at the time of Indira Gandhi as PM.
It was influenced by USSR. Japan also has duties of Citizens whereas big superpowers such as the USA, France, Germany, Australia, Canada don’t have.
Swaran Singh recommends 8 duties whereas in the 42nd amendment about 10 duties were added. The new part of 4A was made and incorporated in article 51A. In 2002 one more duty was added which no to 11.
|All fundamental duties|
LIST OF ALL FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES:-
Article 51 a, it is the duty of all citizens living in Our Country India.
(a) To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom;
(b) To conserve and protect Unity, brotherhood, and love for people in India.
(c) To follow the constitution and respect the national Flag and National Anthem.
(d) To help the country in Bad situations like wars, epidemics, and pandemics.
(e) To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture;
(f) To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, And to have compassion for living creatures;
(g) To develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
(i) Not to destroy public property in the name of Satyagraha or any other.
(j) To Provide opp for education to his child between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Const amendment Act, 2002.
(k)To help the country in all forms to achieve its best. Same as what is done in some western and European countries.
Also, it was criticized as it didn’t content duties like paying tax, casting the vote, Family Planning i.e Population control. Also, Tax-paying duty was recommended by Swaran Singh Committee also the punishment was given for not obeying, but the govt didn’t accept this.
Questions and Answers:-
In 1999 one more committee was made name “Verma Committee “.
They mentioned following this
1)No one can disrespect the Constitution of India, the National Flag, and the National anthem.
2)The enmity between different languages, race, place of birth, caste, religion, and encouraging it.
3)Protection of Civil rights.
4)Wildlife Protection act of 1972 & Forest Conservation act of 1980.
- Neelam Sanjeev Reddy was the youngest president of India at the age of 64.