Table of Contents
World’s Biggest Continent:- ASIA
Stretching from the frozen Arctic to the equator, Asia is the World’s Largest Continent. It is also a continent of extremes, containing the World’s highest point, Mount Everest, as well as it’s lowest, the Dead Sea.
China has the World’s greatest population, while Asia’s largest country, the Russian Federation, extends into Europe.
Physical features of Asia:-
Much of Southeast and Central Asia is covered with barren deserts, such as the Gobi and Syrian deserts.
Asia has many great rivers, including the Huang He, Mekong, and Indus, flanked by the fertile plains and valleys.
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Area :- 44,680,718 sq km
(17,251,315 sq miles )
Population:- More than 400 billion
No of countries:- 49
Biggest Country:- Russian Federation
Smallest Country:- Maldives
Highest Point:– Mt. Everest:- 8848 m (29,035 ft ) at China and Nepal
Lowest Point:- Dead Sea Shore ( Israel ) 400 m (1312 ft ) below sea – level
Longest River:- Yangtze ( Chang Jiang ) ( China ) 6380 km ( 3965 miles )
Biggest Lake:- Caspian Sea:- 378400 sq km (146100 sq miles )
Himalayas of Asia:-
The snow-capped Himalayan Mountains the highest range in the World, form a massive Natural barrier between the Indian Subcontinent and Northern Asia. They have pushed up Millions of years ago when the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate.
Two Southeast Asian Nations, Indonesia, and the Philippines have more than 20,000 islands between them. Most were formed by Volcanic activity in the Ocean, and the region has active volcanoes. Southeast Asia is prone to earthquakes.
Climatic Zones of Asia:-
Asia has every kind of climate and landscape. In the far North, Siberia is covered in the tundra, where part of the ground is permanently frozen. South of the tundra is coniferous forests and open grasslands.
Central and Southeast Asia are mostly desert and mountains, while the east has deciduous forests. Tropical rainforests cover much of the South and Southeast.
People of Asia:-
Asia contains two – thirds of the world’s population, and the birth rate is still rising in many countries. Most people live in the Southern and eastern regions and in the fertile river valleys.
Many are farmers, although increasing numbers are moving into expanding cities in search of work.
Resources of Asia:-
Asia’s natural resources include farmland, which provides work for 60% of the people, and the fishing grounds of the Pacific Ocean.
Minerals include oil and natural gas from the Gulf States, as well as bauxite, copper, coal, diamonds, gold, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, tin, and titanium.
Desert’s of Asia:-
Asia has both hot and cold deserts, as well as many regions of semi-desert where animals can be grazed. Middle Eastern desert is hot and dry all year, with cold nights.
The Gobi and Taklimakan desert of Central Asia have scorching summers but are bitterly cold in Winter.
Wetlands of Asia:-
Mangrove swamps are found along many coasts of Southern Asia, from India to the Philippines. The mangrove trees have long, spreading roots, producing a forest that looks as if it is on stils. Logging and pollution are destroying many mangroves.
The tropical rainforest of Asia:-
There are tropical rainforests in India, Southeast Asia, and the Philippines. They flourish on the Southern slopes of the Himalayas, and in Burma (Myanmar), the Malay Peninsula, and the Western part of the island of Irian Jaya.
Home to 40 % of all plant and animal species, the World’s rainforest are threatened, as people cut down trees for the timber Hindustan to clear space for farming.
Deciduous Forest of Asia:-
Asia has comparatively few broadleaf forests of deciduous trees that shed their leaves in winter. They occur mainly in eastern Asia, including China, Japan, and Korea’s or in cooler upland areas, such as the mountains of Nepal.